this a peer discussion reply be kind and agree focus and comments in highlight

this a peer discussion reply
be kind and agree
focus and comments in highlight of peer discussion
The purpose of learning the ropes of policy, politics and advocacy is to influence health care or broader social agendas that influence human health
this is the discussion:
How Nurses Influence Healthcare Through Advocacy
Nurses play an invaluable role in patient advocacy. Patient advocacy is principally based on one of the many nursing philosophies that states that nursing practice should support a client or patient to comprehensively promote their own health, as well as they individually understand it. Advocacy is the bane of client-nurse relationships and evidence-based research shows that some undesirable consequences in patient outcomes, such as hospital-acquired infections and poor service satisfaction, can result from the absence of patient advocacy (Nsiah et al., 2019). This, therefore, creates the need to emphasize the role of nursing advocacy in defending patient rights and the promotion of safe and quality healthcare services, through patient advocacy. As the nursing profession carries the flesh of client interpersonal contact, nurses are best positioned to act as liaisons between patients, their families and other healthcare providers or institutional administration (Kerley & Toney-Butler, 2020). Additionally, the nurses’ professional code of ethics stipulates that patient advocacy is one of the many functions of a nurse working in the clinical setting. Thus, nurses invaluably contribute to patient advocacy. This article aims to look at the various ways in which nurses influence healthcare through patient advocacy.
When nurses ensure the provision of safe and quality care, they influence healthcare by directly contributing to patient advocacy. Nurses are deeply involved in the promotion of infection prevention and control measures such as hand-washing, use of personal protective equipment, disinfection, and sterilization (Carrico et al., 2018). Nurses also contribute to the promotion of environmental safety via proper disposal of sharps, waste segregation, and ensuring that patient surroundings are kept clean and safe while they are being cared for. Additionally, nurses ensure that patients receive the best courses of treatment, push for informed consent, and explain the importance of certain clinical procedures or treatments when patients are in their care. All these actions push for the provision of safe, efficient, effective, and quality care to patients and, thus, contribute capaciously to healthcare via patient advocacy
When nurses educate patients, they also influence healthcare by directly contributing to patient advocacy. Nurses are extensively involved in giving public health education on various health issues such as family planning, in both the clinical and community settings. Nurses working in institutions that provide care also educate patients on matters of hygiene, treatment options, wound care, and the function of various medications (Fawkes & Moore, 2019). Additionally, nurses are at the forefront of teaching other medical personnel about new developments in the medical field and they push for continuing medical education (CME) in hospitals and care-provider institutions. All these actions undoubtedly contribute to the advocacy of patients. Lastly, when nurses participate in the development of policies, regulations, and legislature that bring change in the existent healthcare settings, they significantly act as patient advocates. Policy development improves the upholding of patient rights and pushes for better healthcare systems.
Carrico, R. M., Garrett, H., Balcom, D., & Glowicz, J. B. (2018). Infection Prevention and Control Core Practices: A Roadmap for Nursing Practice. Nursing, 48(8), 28–29.
Fawkes, K., & Moore, J. (2019). Newly registered nurses’ experiences of delivering patient education in an acute care setting: an exploratory study. Journal of research in nursing: JRN, 24(8), 556–567.
Kerley, L., & Toney-Butler, T. J. (2020). Nursing Advocacy. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.
Nsiah, C., Siakwa, M., & Ninnoni, J. (2019). Registered Nurses’ description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting. Nursing open, 6(3), 1124–1132.

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